Of the 2.1 million Syrian refugees registered by the UN in Egypt, Iraq, Jordan and Lebanon 50.5% are women. Within these communities women are often responsible for collecting the water, cooking, cleaning and looking after the children. Women can spend six hours a day collecting water for their basic needs, for refugees with severely restricted access to nutrition this task alone can use up to two-thirds of their daily caloric intake leaving them hungry and vulnerable to malnutrition and deficiency diseases such as anaemia.
Of the 9.5 million people forced to flee Syria, more than two-thirds are displaced inside the country. According to the International Displacement Monitoring Centre, those internally displaced by the Syrian conflict are estimated at 6,600,000. Making Syria the country with highest amount of IDPs worldwide. These displacements are regular occurrences, with many families uprooted multiple times; with an average of 9,500 people displaced every day.
The UN Human Rights Council’s International Commission of Inquiry as documented targeted bombings, executions, massacres and torture across the country, so it is therefore unsurprising that many civilians are fleeing for their lives. During these periods of displacement, safe access to food, water, shelter and medical treatment are a daily struggle. There is a lack of government provided housing for these people, and many IDPs result to privately renting, until their resources run out. In most cases, limited resources mean that makeshift camps and informal settlements are constructed by IDPs, which increases security risks and resource scarcity.