Of the 2.1 million Syrian refugees registered by the UN in Egypt, Iraq, Jordan and Lebanon 50.5% are women. Within these communities women are often responsible for collecting the water, cooking, cleaning and looking after the children. Women can spend six hours a day collecting water for their basic needs[1], for refugees with severely restricted access to nutrition this task alone can use up to two-thirds of their daily caloric intake[2] leaving them hungry and vulnerable to malnutrition and deficiency diseases such as anaemia.

Of the 9.5 million people forced to flee Syria, more than two-thirds are displaced inside the country. According to the International Displacement Monitoring Centre, those internally displaced by the Syrian conflict are estimated at 6,600,000[3]. Making Syria the country with highest amount of IDPs worldwide[4]. These displacements are regular occurrences, with many families uprooted multiple times; with an average of 9,500 people displaced every day.

The UN Human Rights Council’s International Commission of Inquiry as documented targeted bombings, executions, massacres and torture across the country, so it is therefore unsurprising that many civilians are fleeing for their lives[5]. During these periods of displacement, safe access to food, water, shelter and medical treatment are a daily struggle. There is a lack of government provided housing for these people, and many IDPs result to privately renting, until their resources run out. In most cases, limited resources mean that makeshift camps and informal settlements are constructed by IDPs, which increases security risks and resource scarcity.









The study will be conducted within a Syrian refugee camps in Lebanon and IDP camps in Syria which will be identified by our partners on the ground. The aim of the study will be to document and illustrate existing WASH issues faced by women and the existing systems which respond to the WASH needs of Syrian refugee women. It shall also investigate the perceptions, attitudes and types of practices which exist within these communities through a faith based perspective, to highlight the importance of cultural sensitivity in these circumstances.

The research shall use a Participatory Ethnographic Evaluation and Research (PEER) questionnaire. Which will utilise face-to-face discussion and observation, to provide detailed narrative and statistical answers. Due to the sensitive nature of the research it is important that this method is used. By employing researchers from the women’s community the researchers will be able to communicate effectively their questions, whilst allowing informants to feel secure. The participants will be collected via probability sampling which will involve the random selection of participants. However, the research method shall use PEER sampling, and therefore the researcher, due to their local understanding, will informally select a selection of reasonable participants. The focus on probability sampling will allow for large groups of the community to be accurately examined by researching a small number of the group, and formulating inferences from the sample for the whole community. In order to secure participants, and illustrate to the women the future conclusions of the research, GO2015 will provide women with a female hygiene kit. The kit shall include: one menstrual cup/pack of sanitary towels, a bar of soap, liquid soap, shampoo/conditioner, toothbrush/toothpaste, comb, flannel, clothes washing soap and a training guide on menstrual cup use.